Sunday, May 25, 2014

What I'm watching now: Jodorowsky's Dune (2013)

(A short absence, was in Japan again! As well as various real life dramas. Continuing without further ado...)

Sometimes there are works of art that are important not for their existence but their lack of existence; the unrealized, the destroyed and the unfinished. Art is ultimately something that struggles with the ephemeral nature of all things, so we are captivated more by that even more ephemeral art object; the great unfinished work.
Jodorowsky's adaptation of Dune is perhaps the most influential unfinished work of the later twentieth century cinema. It is a great unknown and has a legend that has echoed and overshadowed all subsequent attempts to adapt Herbert's Novel. In many ways it was the result of a near perfect storm that perhaps did not last long enough for the film to see completion. Jodo's great work will never be realized, an even if it was in some alternate reality and transported to our realm in a form we could watch, I am unsure any work could live up to the legend of Jodorosky's Dune.

The film lives in possibly the only way it can, in the form of a documentary produced in 2013 by film maker Frank Pavich that seeks to document the story of perhaps the greatest film never made. The film is ultimately a very nostalgic look at the pre production of the film, a process that took three years , cost $2million of the film's projected $9.5million dollar budget and never shot a foot of film. In some ways it is a little too nostalgic, not mentioning a number of key issues the project faced, but from the wonderful interviews with Jodorowsky it seems almost impossible to speak to the man and not be captured by his wide eyed, almost cult leader like, charisma and enthusiasm.

Alejandro Jodorowsky is a Chilean film maker who came to great prevalence in the early 1970s for his two surrealist/existentialist films "El Topo" and "The Holy Mountain". Jodo was the toast of avant-garde film-making in France and was offered financing for any project he desired, and as the clip above illustrates he wanted to do "Dune". At this stage Film was making its uneasy progression through the 1970s, scarred by Vietnam and the end of the Summer of Love. This was a time where Genre filmaking stood in the shadow of Kubrick's 2001 and had not yet discovered "Star Wars". Drug culture was settling into the mainstream which had yet to grow tired of the psychedelic hope that the 1960s had created. Jodo promised not just an Art film, not just a Science Fiction film, but like Kubrick a film that would change Cinema forever.

"Jodorowsky's Dune" is possibly the closest one will ever be able to come, practically, to seeing the film itself. Jodo and Jean Giraud (The comic artist known better as Moebius) spent the start of pre production creating a shot by shot storyboard and script that occupies a great tome that Jodorowsky gleefully displays during the documentary film. The documentary recreates several scenes from those story boards using Moebius's sketches in animated form with Jodo narrating, these sequences alone make the documentary worth the ticket price. The rest is gold as well, tales of courting Orson Wells and Salvidor Dali for the project, of flying Dan Obannon to Paris from the US and bringing the (sadly now late) Swiss artist HR Geiger to world prominence. We are also given insight into Jodorowsky's vision for film making though both him and the eyes of his Son (who featured in El Topo alongside his father and would have featured as Paul in Dune).

Now the 9.5million dollar (or $40million if you are Dino De Laurentiis) question that nerds on the internet and in fanzines of old would as is simple; would this have been the definitive version of the unfilmable novel we love so? The short answer as illustrated by this documentary would be; no it would not have been. If the question was "would this have been an amazing film based on the novel Dune?" then the answer would be it may have been. Like Kubrick's "The Shining", Jodo's "Dune" was very aware of its status as an adaptation. Jodorowsky even discusses this himself using a very inelegant metaphor, in short to love the novel and create the best film he could he would have to ravish it, to pillage and burn it so that his vision would rise like a phoenix. If you are a fan of the novels who disliked Lynch for having Paul make it rain at the end, well Jodo's ending left that in the dust. In fact so much of his proposed film wildly deviates from the original work, character names, place names, the Spice and some motivations alone remain. (Like Paul's conception being via a drop of blood because Leto was castrated, or the Emperor being so afraid of death that he has many robotic duplicates, or the total removal of the poison tooth scene, the ending and more...)

The future influence of Dune cannot be understated and the documentary does a great jobs of showing the other films that Jodo's failed film created via it's death. (Alien, Star Wars, Promethius a examples used that use ideas or designs from Jodo's film. In fact this documentary makes me more convinced that Avatar is a Dune Adaptation by stealth.) This documentary is a timeless recording of that most ephemeral artistic concept, the incomplete masterpiece, and one all fans of Genre film-making need to see.

Monday, April 28, 2014

It's Sunday somewhere right?

Hi everybody!
So a short one today because.. well life.
But for those of you with the inclination to like Tabletop RPGs do I have a story for you!
A friend of mine is running a Kickstarter for an Australian written and produced Role Playing Game and the initial art for the book looks amazeballs.
I mean seriously;

So if you want to support an Australian RPG which looks the business drop on over to:

Still to come: That Dune Documentary, some boardgame reviews (at last!) and my 13.79192934c on the doom that came to the Star Wars Expanded universe.
Stay tuned!

Sunday, April 20, 2014

What I'm watching now: Frank Herbert's Dune (2000 mini series)

Next we come to the Sci Fi channel mini series version of Frank Herbert's Dune, directed and written by John Harrison. Just like the 1984 film adaption the 2000 mini series creates strong opinions in fans of the original novel, it is both applauded with doing so much with a limited budget and derided for poor effects work and pacing.
Much like many early drafts of the 1984 version, the mini series is a massive undertaking, clocking in at almost five hours long. In many ways it follows a similar path to the movie, it focuses very heavily on Paul's journey from man to messiah, but the extra screen length of the mini series format allows the motivations of other characters to be explored more fully. (Or does it? That's an issue I will get to below...)
Being a mini series we do need to look past issues of budget just a little, in 2000 CG was still very primitive and the huge battle sequences of the Lynch film could not be reproduced in any real way. The CG that is used is fine, and for the most part somewhat less effective than the model work of the original. Same with the acting, the talent gathered for a Sci Fi channel mini series was never going to be near the cast Lynch put together his for Dune. (Srsly Dean Stockwell, Patrick Steward, Sean Young, Max Von Sydow, Jürgen Prochnow etc etc etc) So I want to focus primarily on where this adaptation could improve on the film; script, plotting, pacing and communicating the complex narrative of the novel. The rest, FX, Costumes, sets are really low hanging fruit. 
John Harrison's adaptation is often held up as a more faithful version of Herbert's novel by it's fans; I'm not sure that is the exact word I would use. A more comprehensive adaptation maybe, but it suffers from many issues caused by the Transliteration of the text into another medium. While the plot of the novel is there, much of the dialogue has been reworked for a contemporary audience and to remove or explain some of the novel's more obscure and complex elements. The most glaring example I can think of is the begging, like Lynch the film starts in a slightly different spot and reorders the events pre departure for Arrakis. However if you cut the 1984 film's version's much debated Guild Navagator scene, Lynch's version is closer to the novel. Paul in fact starts the mini series complaining about his duty and how he never sees his father to Jessica, a scene that feels just odd in this particular universe. Alec Newman brings a much more leading man element to Paul in his depiction, as opposed to the awakening man child as depicted by Kyle MacLachlan, and this also does not sit well with the world. These little changes are littered throughout, from Princess Irulan visiting Arakkis and meeting Paul, to the almost totally removal (again) of the Fenrings as characters.
What rings even stranger is that many of the scenes (such as the Test of the Box) are almost shot for shot remakes of Lynch's scenes from the 1984 film and almost totally drained of any gravitas by very flat direction. The battle for Arrakine is almost totally non existent, a good choice as the series budget would not have been able to create the sort of battle scenes needed, but the few scenes of the battle we do see have a muzak version of Toto's score from the 1984 film under them. I'm not sure how deliberate these echoes back to the Lynch version are, but they are everywhere and always come of not quite as good.
The length allows Harrison to do very well by two very pivotal characters who are both in many ways better than their 1984 counterparts. The primary one is the Baron Harkonnan, who is given much more room to breath and exist in this version. His scheme to use the Emperor to rid himself of the Atredis and elevate his house (via Feyd) to its former glory is better presented and explained here. He is not simply an existential evil, he is a cunning an dangerous mastermind. Although even when this is going well, the poor direction of the series drags him down, such as the moments when he breaks the forth wall at various points. (Also what the hell is up with the pronunciation of Harkonnan? Lynch had Herbert on set so we can assume he got it right. So why change it when the version that had the author as a direct consultant and all other media seems to pronounce it the other way...?)  The other is the Lady Jessica who seems to just fade into the background after going into the desert in the film version. Jessica as a character is much more felt out, more proactive and intelligent. She is given much more to do and interacts with many characters to move the story outside of Paul's rise.
Many of the minor flaws could be overlooked, but the pace of the piece is just so glacial, something that I would forgive if it was in order to present the story more completely. But the story is changed, many things are still omitted and additional scenes are added. While this is a more complete telling of the story, it still isn't quite there.

Sunday post: Mornings of Futures Past

Ok, Dune miniseries review should be up tonight but I feel I need to post more regardless. (Especially as I now have a shiny new Keyboard) I'm about to totally nerd it up and play a "Call of Cthuhlu" LCG tournament, I think I shall write about it in my other space as I have neglected my tabletop gaming side this year so far...
But I leave you with some awesomeness from Youtube. Do you want to know how much the Japanese love gambling? Well the videos above were made for a Macross Pachinko machine, not a remake or Blu Ray remaster or anything, a Pachinko machine. They are *amazing* and make me more than a little teary with nostalgia for the series I rediscovered my love for last year.
Till later in the evening...

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Technical difficulties

Do You know how important a space bar is to blogging? Very when you do it in English let me tell you. So my coverage of all things Dune was hampered this week by the deterioration of the quality of my keyboard, which eventually decided not to space entirly.
This topic has been a much more interesting one than I at first thought, Lynch's Dune honestly deserves a very detailed critical re-examining at some stage, one that puts it in context with other versions of Herbert's novel and Lynch's other works. (I'll be doing that briefly in these virtual pages but a more detailed examination could be done.)
To keep you all tidied over for the time being I managed to find a wonderful interview on Youtube with Lynch and Herbert just before the film was released. It actually confirms many of my own thoughts about the novel and film as well as getting to hear Herbet himself talk about the process of film adaptation. (And why Authors are often so bad at it, I'm looking at you King)

The Miniseries watch continues, amazingly I have been side tracked by another adaptation in Brain Fuller's "Hannibal" TV series which I am enjoying for the most part. (Especially as it does not simply ape "The Silence of the Lambs" in form or feel)

Type again (with spaces!) soon.

Sunday, April 6, 2014

Aside: Sunday, The Tomorrow People and my second fave series returns for 2014

Hello readers. Real financially paying life has been busy so my posts are getting slower, something I am endeavoring to correct with some time off soon. (And then in Japan again, what a whirlwind)
First cab off the rank, still watching the Dune mini series. It is long and a little hard going in places, but I hope a review in the coming week along with a history of Dune and gaming.
Second a MASSIVE shout-out to the #freebabylon5 folks on twitter who have said lovely things about me and my reviews of the series. @mister_murphy1 , @crazydan9 , @anakaty831 and @doikea ありがとうございます!

This week I have also started seeing trailers for and hearing people talk about the US reboot of "The Tomorrow People". Currently I don't know what to think about it, I may give it a try if it starts to look promising and not just an Xmen homage wearing the title of a 70s UK sci fi show. Personally I am unsure if the lightning in a bottle that was the 1960s/1970s pop culture can ever be recaptured, as most reboots of classic shows seem to desperately attempting to demonstrate. For every BattleStar Galactica reboot, there is a The Prisoner reboot... The Tomorrow People itself is also a series very much at odds with the way we see the world now. It was a work of very optimistic transcendental humanism; a group of young people who represent humanities future in the stars. I'm not sure you could make a teenage action/adventure series where the main characters have special powers and a genetic predisposition against violence now days...

Now we tend to talk about Genre fiction around these parts and I have been remiss to not mention my second favorite show (This is my favorite) and current 300 pound gorilla of Television Genre fiction "Game of Thrones" as of yet. Primarily as everyone else on the tubes talks about GoTs and I tend to like steering the boat into less written about waters. But heck yes I am excited for the new season. Now one thing that has happened is that someone I know is in the new series, only a minor part but still awesome. She is an Adult entertainer and there seems to have been some fake controversy kicked up by click bait websites around the number of porn actresses that have been hired in the new series. Really in this series? You're upset that the Actor who appears nude in a scene may not keep their bits under their clothes the rest of the time? Who gives a crap to be honest, and Aeryn has done a very good job standing up to this low bar tabloid reporting. (Not to mention shithouse art criticism, something that we here at the Tomorrow's sound megaplex are dead against) So if you partake in that sort of online entertainment, show her some support. If you don't well, watch Game of Thrones anyway :P
In a second Porn related anecdote this week, and I forgive you if you are becoming worried that this blog is becoming all porn all the time, I managed to geek out on Twitter this week with a Japanese Porn Star over the Walking Dead finale. She replied and everything! Twitter is something I need to write about, it is a very unique and often easily discounted internet thing.
Until next time folks!

Sunday, March 30, 2014

What I'm watching now: Dune (1984)

It is infamous, the final realization of Dino De Laurentiis's attempts to bring Frank Herbert's novel to screen. After Ridley Scott left the project in favor of Blade Runner De Laurentiis turned to young up and coming director David Lynch to helm his project. For Lynch this would be his second big feature after the acclaimed "Elephant Man", all his previous films being produced independently. This would be Lynch's first, and only, attempt to make a big Hollywood blockbuster popcorn epic. (Lynch had also been reportedly offered directorship of Return of the Jedi at about the same time)
It would be simple to write Dune off as suffering from an inexperienced director, or the wrong director for the project. Lynch himself has stated that he had not read the novel beforehand and had little real interest in Sci Fi, so this would all make sense right? If Jodorosky or Scott had have been behind this project, crisis would have been averted and the unfilmable would have been made possible, right? I'm not so sure.
It is important to remember that a film of a book or comic is an adaptation of that work. Two very important things about adaptations, first; the linguistic components of different mediums require them to be handled in different ways between versions. Dune the book will be different from Dune the Comic, or the Role Playing game, or the Computer game or the Movie; in the same way as a photograph of a tree is different than a drawing of the same tree and is different than a text description of said tree.  (and is different from the Tree itself)
The second (as I mentioned in the article on canon) is that the author has influence over the work. Adaptations are in many ways the authors reaction to the source material, it will focus on the aspects of the source material that the author found engaging. The Shining is Kubrick's reaction to the novel, it is different because it is reflected through his eyes as a film maker. Slavish adaptations tend to be very dry and lack personality or subtext, see Snyder's insipid version of "Watchmen" or Chris Columbus's two Harry Potter films. (The first two, not bad films but they lack the energy and depth of Cuaron's "Prisoner of Azkaban"a film which which made me a Potter believer)
So Lynch reacts to Dune as a non Sci Fi fan reacting to an unfilmable work of literary Sci Fi...
Which in many ways made him a perfect fit, Herbert disliked the trappings of his genre and added various concepts to his story that would frustrate technologically based storytelling. (The Butlarian Jihad, Sheilds etc) Lynch also has an interest in transcendentalism and surrealism; dreams, meditation and transformation of the self through these things were aspects of the novel he focused on when putting the screenplay together.
The scope of the story was one of the aspects that made it such an "unfilmable" work, it is a story with dozens of moving parts and concepts not explained directly in dialogue. As I mentioned last time, the other great unfilmable work was "The Lord of the Rings", due to it's length and the production requirements. When Peter Jackson finally produced the filmic version he stated that he only wanted to tell one story, that of Frodo and the ring. The story was pruned (despite still taking over six hours to tell) and the focus moved to that central plot arc. Lynch's Dune is the same, as I suspect Jodorosky's and Scott's would have been as well. (And for those who think we never saw Scott's, think again) Lynch would focus on the ascension of one man, Paul Atredies, to demi godhood via dreams, meditation and the mind altering Spice.
Still even Lynch's version reportedly was looking to be close to three hours long, just as the script De Laurentiis had commissioned Herbert to write would have been. This issue was resolved in a couple of ways, Lynch was not given final cut on the film, an introductory monologue would be added and voice over narration would be added as well to expedite storytelling.
So does this film work? In hindsight that is a very complex question. Lynch is a very good film maker, a great vision filmmaker and a great director of actors. The production design is almost universally fantastic, so striking in many places that it has shaped the way the novel is visualized ever since. Lynch's Dune is a Baroque Diesel-punk vision, a decaying feudal universe that lacks silver or chrome or neon. The soundtrack from Brian Eno and Toto is orchestral and evocative, even today I am unable to read or watch anything related to the franchise without the soundtrack playing in the back of my head. There are sequences of the film, particularly early on, that quite well explain the setting and characters. (Although the opening sequence with the Emperor and the Guild is a little redundant, it puts a little too much focus on the Emperor's assistance to Baron Harkonan which could have come out organically via the story) However once the story shifts to Arakis and the fall of house Atredies the story speeds up and becomes a little disjointed. Lynch is workman like with the large battle sequences, they are not badly done and some of the sequences are quite striking, but he is not a director of cinematic action and it shows. For Lynch violence is not cinematic, it is visceral and emotional, in all his work he puts a particular exclamation on violence in order to make the audience uncomfortable. (Because I suspect, he feels it should) He notably makes the "Weirding way" a combat technique using sound and motion rather than one of extreme body control because he did not want to do a film featuring "Kung Fu on sand dunes". Violence for Lynch is an emotional story element, seen especially in the deaths of many of Paul's allies during the attack on Arakine. The Harkonnen's brutality is highlighted as lynch wants us to feel the desire for revenge that Paul feels and that is part of Paul's ascension. The journey of Paul Atreides to Maud'dib is what is important here, the Harkonnen motivations and machinations are simplified to provide bloody fuel for this story. While I do generally disagree with Critics who cite the Baron Harkonnen as an indication of Homophobia on the part of Lynch, that aspect of the character was ported almost directly from Herbert's novel and not focused on anywhere near the extent that Lynch often does focus on the psycho-sexual aspects of characters. It seems to be there to a small extent as a nod to the character's motivation in the novel. Lynch did make the Baron a much more manic villain than the novel calls for, but again this is part of Lynch's emotive subtext; we see Baron Harkonnen as Paul sees Baron Harkonnen.

Dune is a film whose elements add up to a good film, but not a great film, and this is where the disappointment in it comes from. Its parts are much greater than its whole, it has no shortage of acting talent, the effects are mostly very good (not quite at the levels ILM were at, but close), the script is strong. The changes to the story are not devastating, and in many cases seem necessary to tell the story in the confines of a two hour film. Something about the project does mesh though, if that is down to Lynch or Producer Rafaela De Laurentiis (who had final cut) will probably never be known. Dune is probably a story too large for a two hour film, and sadly was made in a day were the possibilities of sequels was yet to be understood. We know Lynch's cut would have been longer, Herbert's version of the script as well, the project I feel is damaged by the complex story being truncated into a summer blockbuster format. We get something that pleases neither the general cinema goer nor the Dune fan boy, so is regarded as a failure by history. Longer cuts do exist, but they are generally cobbling together material that was on the cutting room floor for a reason. So many of the "extra" scenes added to the three hour Alan Smithe cut are first takes or rehearsals, many scenes are lengthened needlessly. (Such as one where there is fully 10 seconds of Pieter DeVris and a Harkonnen guard dragging Dr Yui's body out of a room while the camera sits locked off. Yes editing often makes scenes shorter for a reason!) It is possible that a good editor could make a workable longer cut of the film, but Lynch's lack of interest seems to preclude that ever happening.
Many internet people are very critical of the film due to its deviation from the novel, a line of argument I find to be more than a little lazy. The film has genuine issues of tone and story telling, but these are more complicated then "The Sadukar suits are silly" or "The Baron's Doctor was not a character in the novel". Being more slavish and accurate to Herbert's novel will do almost nothing to fix the fact that the excellent elements of the film fail to come together in the final product.
So do we praise or bury Lynch's Dune? A little bit of both, perhaps Lynch was not the director to bring this to screen. The mantel of "big event film" director does not sit on his head well and perhaps this was just not the project for him? The format demanded by De Laurentiis, a single two hour motion picture, could also be to blame. Maybe as Frank Herbert (who for the most part enjoyed the movie) was correct in seeing that the point of the novel was missed in this adaptation, it is not the story of man becoming a god but a man playing at being god.